Creator and Web page info

  • by Anup Shah
  • This web page final up to date

It was with disbelief and shock that folks around the globe noticed footage of the terrorist assaults within the US on on September 11, 2001 when the planes-turned-missiles slammed into the World Commerce Heart towers and broken the Pentagon.

This in the end resulted within the US declaring and waging a warfare on terror. Osama Bin Laden was ultimately tracked down and killed some 10 years later. However the best way the warfare on terror has been performed has led to many voicing issues concerning the impression on civil liberties, the price of the extra safety targeted adjustments, the implications of the invasions and wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and extra.

Response to the September 11, 2001 occasions

With disbelief and shock around the globe folks noticed the information footage of the occasions on September 11, 2001 when the planes-turned-missiles slammed into the World Commerce Heart towers and into the Pentagon. What might be the worst terrorist assault on america, was completely inexcusable and roundly condemned.

Some 3000 had been killed. Preliminary fears had been that it was over 6000 A lot of elements for this revised quantity, had been stated to incorporate preliminary overestimates; multiple particular person reporting the identical lacking particular person; heroic rescue operations, and so forth. This decrease quantity doesn’t in any approach cut back the impression although.)

The next bombing of Afghanistan to assault Osama Bin Laden’s Al Qaeda terrorist community and the Taliban for harboring them has additionally led to some 3,500 civilian deaths, based on an impartial examine launched at first of December 2001.

The ghastly terrorist assaults led to a combination of political, social and financial response around the globe.

Hatred and anti-Islam sentiment, (with out distinguishing the despotic militants from odd Muslims) elevated, although a lot of the Muslim communities around the globe condemned this act.

Whereas seen efforts had been seen by politicians to attempt to separate terrorists from Muslims basically, it has not been simple. On the one hand, after years of financial and geopolitical historical past, there are some facets of mistrust, whereas then again, extremists within the Muslim and Christian communities are including to the antagonisms. For instance, throughout the peak of the shock and anger to the September 11 assaults, extremist tendencies within the West resulted in beatings and even killings of Muslims. Even non-Muslims that simply occurred to have lengthy beards or indirectly resembled Taliban/Al Qaeda members had been focused. Others noticed this as proof that Islam is inherently violent or that it’s the major menace to the remainder of the world, and so forth. On the Muslim aspect, there have additionally been equally excessive reactions, from assist of those terrorist acts to even being satisfied that this was some type of Zionist conspiracy in charge Muslims! In each circumstances these appear to be a minority of individuals with such excessive views however in fact the priority is at all times that it’s going to enhance over time.

There was no query that there was going to be some type of retaliation and response from america. One couldn’t have anticipated them severely to chorus from eager to take revenge. But the worry was in what type this revenge can be and the way it could be carried out in addition to what the impression on odd Afghans can be, who’ve already suffered by the hands of the Taliban and outdoors forces for years.

As well as, some eight months after the assaults it was revealed within the mainstream press around the globe that the CIA had warned George Bush of the threats weeks earlier than September 11. This brought on an uproar in lots of locations, together with america Congress, the place members demanded extra info to grasp if all these deaths might have been prevented.

Again to high

Ensuing Warfare on Terror

The horrible occasions of September 11 noticed the appreciable quieting of what was till then rising home and worldwide criticism of the Bush Administration. The September 11 occasions resulted in a warfare on terror which noticed assist for Bush and his recognition soar on the time.

As much as September 11, 2001, the Bush administration was being criticized around the globe for its stances on numerous points domestically and internationally. Even European and different allies had been very crucial of positions on quite a few world points.

However even earlier than the Bush Administration, all through the world, many countries and teams of individuals had expressed their frustrations at how U.S. international insurance policies had affected them on all kinds of points, starting from financial/globalization points which have deepened poverty and/or inequality for most individuals around the globe; geopolitics/arms/missile protection; environmental points and so forth. Protests both immediately, or not directly at U.S. insurance policies have occurred all around the globe—particularly on globalization points—as talked about on this website. (See the part on world protests for extra on that, for instance).

But that can’t be an excuse for the atrocity of September 11 because it killed many harmless folks. On the similar time, folks have appropriately identified that when different areas around the globe have confronted comparable terrorist assaults, the outpouring of concern and condemnation has not been as a lot. The Washington Submit (September 12, 2001) even dared to confess this at such a delicate time shortly after the assaults. (Their article is not on-line.)

Nonetheless, behind the unity of the American folks within the shock of September 11, a heightened sense of safety resulted with issues reverberating all through the world. Many had been involved concerning the ensuing crackdown of freedoms and civil liberties in numerous nations. Many apprehensive that numerous international locations around the globe would additionally use this warfare on terror as an excuse to pursue extra aggressive choices on their very own residents.

For instance, contemplate the issues Amnesty Worldwide raised in October 2001, shortly after the September 11, 2001 assaults: Within the identify of preventing worldwide terrorism, governments have rushed to introduce draconian new measures that threaten the human rights of their very own residents, immigrants and refugees…. Governments have a duty to make sure the security of their residents, however measures taken should not undermine basic human rights requirements. It seems that among the initiatives at present being mentioned or applied could also be used to curb primary human rights and to suppress inner opposition. A number of the definitions of terrorism beneath dialogue are so broad that they may very well be used to criminalize anybody out of favor with these in energy and criminalize reliable peaceable train of the best to freedom of expression and affiliation. They might additionally put in danger the best to privateness and threaten the rights of minorities and asylum-seekers.

In Might 2003, Amnesty Worldwide charged, The warfare on terror, removed from making the world a safer place, has made it extra harmful by curbing human rights, undermining the rule of worldwide legislation and shielding governments from scrutiny. It has deepened divisions amongst folks of various faiths and origins, sowing the seeds for extra battle. The overwhelming impression of all that is real worry—among the many prosperous in addition to the poor.

Even within the U.S. among the ensuing insurance policies on how suspects will probably be handled, on how entry to private info will probably be made out there for safety issues and so forth, led to debates in any respect ranges on what is taken into account an assault on civil liberties, and what’s cheap for safety. On the international coverage area, there was growing concern that the U.S. would be capable of use the warfare on terror to pursue aggressive insurance policies that had been beforehand criticized by many different folks. This will vary from financial, to political and even navy insurance policies. The Iraq warfare was one such instance, the place amongst different issues, the priority of terrorism was used to justify a warfare in opposition to Iraq, although the terrorism hyperlinks weren’t actual.

Additionally of significance, with its unfastened definition of terror, there may be concern that the warfare on terror , may also have an effect on all these working truthfully for peace and social justice for all, as even they are going to come beneath scrutiny for maybe appropriately criticizing insurance policies of any variety of nations and organizations around the globe, together with these from the West.

The warfare on terror has in some respects, led to what has been described as a warfare on freedom.

Again to high

Mainstream Media

Whereas residents all over the place, particularly People, had been rightly outraged on the assaults, the mainstream media has largely targeting the results, the varied aftermaths and impacts, and reporting what political leaders are doing, saying or not doing, or not saying, and so forth. They’ve additionally reported immense element on among the facets of the particular bombing in Afghanistan, and so forth. As with most different conflicts in latest historical past although, whereas monumental in amount, media reporting seems comparatively missing in depth, historic context, and investigative evaluation on the causes that gasoline such outrageous militant extremism and terrorism.

The so-called vary of discourse then, is kind of slim, however inside it, protection is kind of detailed. The reporting of some facets is certainly very transferring and superb. There may be, nevertheless, applicable criticism of some extremism creeping into some facets of the mainstream media as properly, in sure circumstances. Importantly although, our vary of views can be affected by the vary of discourse. That is particularly related now, as residents search solutions on how and why such a horrible atrocity may very well be dedicated. (For extra on the protection of the media, with evaluation and critique of the mainstream media itself, see this website’s part: Warfare on Terror Mainstream Media and Propaganda)

Again to high

Will violence result in extra violence?

With all of the vivid imagery, we will solely now start to think about how different folks and societies around the globe have suffered in different conditions. With typically worse outcomes, albeit not so sudden and surprising, whole cities/areas have been leveled and/or monumental quantity of life has been misplaced in locations like Kosovo, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo, East Timor, Hiroshima/Nagasaki, throughout Europe throughout the World Wars, and too many different locations to have the ability to record right here.

With the US-led bombing marketing campaign on Afghanistan, there has at all times been increasingly more concern about civilians being caught within the center. Certainly, by early December 2001, some 3,500 Afghan civilians had been believed to have been killed by U.S. bombing. Moreover, many support companies criticized the meals drops for not delivering a lot precise support and being a token gesture, fairly than an efficient one.

Maybe one of many largest fears, voiced earlier than the retaliation began, is that retaliated violence might end in extra retaliated violence and we threat tit-for-tat violence that appears arduous to get out of. In all this, civilians on all sides will at all times be affected. We solely want remind ourselves of that shuddering speech by Osama Bin Laden on his threats of retaliation in opposition to civilians and of varied hawkish politicians within the West asking for the equal of no mercy. Martin Luther King is price quoting:

The final word weak spot of violence is that it’s a descending spiral, begetting the very factor it seeks to destroy. As an alternative of diminishing evil, it multiplies it… Via violence it’s possible you’ll homicide the hater, however you don’t homicide hate. In reality, violence merely will increase hate…. Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, including deeper darkness to an evening already devoid of stars. Darkness can’t drive out darkness; solely mild can do this. Hate can’t drive out hate; Solely love can do this.

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

But, how does one get out of this vicious circle? In fact it’s not simple, and even quite a lot of the peace motion battle on this reply, however maybe if extra voice was given within the media to those broader views, then various ideas may very well be thought of. True, extra on peace-related alternate options are mentioned in TV boards and debates, however with regards to the precise reporting and one-on-one dialogue and evaluation, the context is proscribed to the present actions and choices. The discussions are due to this fact inside these confines, largely.

On the international coverage entrance, even latest historical past of the final 50 years or so has been questionable by each Western leaders and Center Japanese leaders. For instance, the assist by the west of brutal leaders within the center east has contributed to an extremist backlash. Of their combat to get the Soviet Union out of Afghanistan, Osama Bin Laden himself, in addition to different jihadists, had been supported by the US, encouraging the coaching of jihadists and the rise of miltantism to provoke opposition to the communists. Because the article within the earlier hyperlink implies, whereas plainly the lesser of two evils was supported, maybe the long run penalties weren’t totally explored and it does appear that violence and worry breeds extra violence and worry.

Again to high

President Bush shedding the warfare on terror

Again to high

On quite a few fronts there are a lot of, many issues happening which readers have requested me to jot down on. It’s tough to maintain up with all of the angles with the view to jot down on all of them. In consequence, for now, till I’m able to catch up, included beneath, beneath this part on the warfare on terrorism are articles reposted from different internet sites and authors from around the globe that provide a wide range of deeper and wider views and views. They’re broadly categorized into the sections listed beneath, though many articles can simply match different classes too.

Additionally, within the Extra Info web page is a rising assortment of hyperlinks and sources to different internet sites that provide deeper views.

I don’t essentially agree with all the views of all of the hyperlinks and sources offered, and under no circumstances are they a complete record, fairly an instance.

A number of the extra mainstream sources focus way more on the results and aftermaths, whereas among the different sources additionally supply deeper evaluation on causes in addition to ramifications around the globe. These websites have extra hyperlinks you could comply with to different internet sites. Extra websites will probably be added as time goes on.

Again to high

13 articles on “Warfare on Terror”: